Temple of Zeus Labraundos (Labraunda, Turkey)

Little remains except the foundation of the Temple of Zeus, which was originally built in the fifth century BCE, of a simple “in antis” design. It consisted of a cella, a pronoas and an antae, with only two columns between the latter. A century later, the temple was redesigned on the foundation of the old temple by the Hecatomnid rulers, the brothers Idrieus and Mausolus. One of the new additions to the walls of the old temple was an opisthodomios, formed by the placement of two additional antae at the west end. A colonnade of the Ionic order was then erected around the temple with eight columns along the sides and six at the front and back. Thus the conversion was made for a more suiting temple to Zeus. This foundation has been fully excavated, and sections of the fluted column drums are arranged around the spot to give an idea of how the colonnade must have appeared. The dedication was made by the ruler Idrieus, according to an inscription found on the site.

In Labraunda, Zeus was represented as Zeus Labraundos (Ζεὺς Λάβρανδος), a standing Zeus with the tall lotus-tipped scepter upright in his left hand and the double-headed axe, the labrys, over his right shoulder. This image of the god can be found on many of the ancient coins that were minted near this area.