Leptis Magna Arch of Septimus Severus

Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus also known as Severus, was Roman Emperor from 193 to 211 CE. Severus was born in Leptis Magna and as a young man he advanced through the customary succession of offices under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. He seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors.

He favored his hometown above all other provincial cities, and the buildings and wealth he lavished on it made Leptis Magna the third-most important city in Africa, rivaling Carthage and Alexandria.