Meroë, located on the east bank of the Nile in Sudan (ancient Kush), was the southern capitol of the Meroitic Kingdom, that spanned the period 800 BC - 350 AD.

The culture of Meroë developed from the Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, which originated in Kush. The importance of the town gradually increased from the beginning of the Meroitic Period, especially from the reign of Arrakkamani (280 BC) when the royal burial ground was transferred to Meroë from Napata.

Archaeology has found that the pyramids were commonly built over sepulchral chambers, containing the remains of bodies, either burned, or buried without being mummified. 

photo by opaxir on Flickr.