Egyptian Glass Bes Amulet, New Kingdom, circa 1550-1070

Bes was an Ancient Egyptian deity worshipped as a protector of households, and in particular, of mothers, children and childbirth.

He later came to be regarded as the defender of everything good and the enemy of all that is bad. While past studies identified Bes as a Middle Kingdom import from Nubia, more recent research indicates that he was present in Egypt since the start of Old Kingdom. Mentions of Bes can be traced to pre-dynastic Nile Valley cultures; however his cult did not become widespread until the beginning of the New Kingdom.