Old Paphos Ruins, Cyprus

Paphos has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. It was a center of the cult of Aphrodite and of pre-Hellenic fertility deities. Aphrodite’s mythical birthplace was on this island, where her temple was erected by the Mycenaeans in the 12th century BC. The city was the most famous and important place for worshiping Aphrodite in the ancient world.

Paphos contains the remains of villas, palaces, theatres, fortresses and tombs of the Classical, Hellenistic and Roman periods. The port of Paphos was rebuilt by Nicocles, the last king of Paphos, at the time of Alexander III (the Great) of Macedon (356 - 323 BC) . It became the capital of the island replacing Salamis during the Hellenistic era, under the successors of Alexander, the Ptolemies, who wanted a location closer to their capital in Alexandria, Egypt.

Paphos is a coastal city in the southwest of Cyprus near the village of Kouklia. The ancient city is known today as Old Paphos or Palaepaphos.