Macedonian Tetradrachm from Amphipolis c. 158-149 BC

This coin was minted sometime between the reopening of the Macedonian silver mines (c. 158 BC) and the revolt of Andriscus (148-149 BC), during the period of Macedonian resistance to Roman rule. Livy, states that the Macedonians perceived their county to be so dis­integrated at this time that he compared it to “an animal torn into separate parts, each of which needed the others.” Wanting to restore their empire from Rome, the Macedonians supported a revolt led by Andriscus, who was believed to be the son of the last Macedonian king Perseus. This supported his official proclamation as Mace­donian king in 149 BC. In a short period of time the Macedonian rebels liberated a large part of the Macedonian territory. However applying the tactic of dissension, the Ro­mans defeated the Macedonians at Pydna in 148 BC. Andriscus was captured and killed, thus ending the attempt of the Macedonians to revive their empire.

On the coin, a Macedonian shield with the bust of Artemis Tauropolos wearing a bow and quiver on her shoulder. On the reverse, the inscription MAKEΔONΩΝ / ΠΡΩΤΗΣ above and below the club of Heracles with a monogram at the top, all within an oak-wreath. A thunderbolt is outside the wreath.

Amphipolis was founded by Athenians in 436 BC in central Macedonia to protect their mining interests in the north,