Babylonian Map of the World, 5th Century BC
The map is a diagrammatic labeled depiction of the known world from the perspective of Babylonia. The map is incised on a clay tablet, showing Babylon somewhat to the north of its center; the clay tablet is damaged, and also contains a section of cuneiform text. It is dated to the 5th century BC.
It was discovered at Sippar, southern Iraq, 60 miles north of Babylon on the east bank of the Euphrates River, and published in 1899.