Silver ma’ah-obol from Samaria, c. late 4th century BC

The coin shows two soldiers standing with spears and shields confronting each other, within a square border. On the reverse are two figures standing while confronting each other, both holding long scepters or spears. The figure on the right is within an incuse.

Samaria is a mountainous region in the Southern Levant, based on the borders of the biblical Northern Kingdom of Israel. According to biblical tradition, the name “Samaria” is derived from the individual [or clan] Shemer, from whom Omri purchased the site for his new capital city. (1 Kings 16:24). The region of ancient Samaria roughly corresponds to the northern part of the modern West Bank.